Building a sustainable garden is all about using renewable energy. It’s about creating a garden than works in harmony with the environment rather than draining its natural resources.
Home composting is a simple yet effective way to recycle kitchen scraps and garden waste and turn them into nutrient-rich compost. Vegetable cuttings, eggshells and cut flowers can all be composted. Garden waste such as grass cuttings, weeds and leaves can also be thrown into the mix, although avoid adding too much woody material as this takes a while to rot down.
You can opt for an open compost heap if you have the room, or build your own compost box. The easiest option is to purchase a compost converter. Local councils generally offer compost converters at discounted rates to encourage recycling.
Gardeners are now avoiding buying peat as it’s a substance made up of decomposed plants that takes a long time to form, and we’ve been using it faster than it can be replenished. Peatlands are vital to the biodiversity of our planet, and it’s important we stop destroying them.
Install a water butt
Rainwater is a precious commodity that should be collected and stored. By attaching a water butt to a drainpipe, you can catch the water flowing off the roof and into the gutter.
With none of the additives found in tap water, rainwater is much better for plants; it’s excellent for watering patio pots and houseplants.
Fit solar-powered lights
Solar lighting can be incorporated into clever and original garden designs to suffuse your outdoor space with natural, soft light.
If you’d like to employ solar rather than electric lighting, talk to a garden designer who’ll be able to help you devise a plan that will work for your landscape.
Use eco-friendly materials
Gardeners are not only choosing natural resources to maintain their gardens; they’re also opting for eco-friendly materials in their construction.
Make sure your landscape gardener uses natural, sustainable and ethically-sourced materials, if you’d prefer your garden to be built with environmentally-friendly, biodegradable products.
Timber and sandstone paving should be obtained from renewable sources rather than depleting already exhausted forests or quarries. Recycled plastic is becoming a popular alternative for constructing many outdoor structures such as benches and decking platforms.
Be wildlife friendly
A sustainable garden needs to support an array of wildlife. By growing a plentiful and diverse range of plants, including lots of natives, you’ll be able to feed a wider range of birds, bees, and butterflies. The more plants a garden houses, the more food and shelter on hand throughout the year.
If you’d like to build a pond in your garden, but don’t know where to begin, have a chat with a landscape gardener. A pond of any size can become the focal point for any wildlife-friendly environment and will increase the number of flora and fauna your garden can host.
You may not be able to undertake all of the above, but just one of these options can become your first step to creating a sustainable garden.